Beautiful Bones!

It is time once again to put out those bones at the science center! 

To get my students ready for our study of the human skeleton, we will sing the song, The Skeleton Inside of You. This great song by Joan Sowards is offered free for classroom use here.

This song gets everyone excited, especially at Halloween time. "What?" "We're a skeleton?"

*Follow this great song with this simple science-based lesson.


Amazing Bones!

Objectives: Children will learn about bones and the skeleton.

Materials: Skeleton model (you can usually find full size paper or plastic skeletons at any discount store), X-Rays (really, hospitals or vet offices will give you some, or you can purchase at stores such as Lakeshore), Sheets of paper, paper plate, counters, animal bones (including one that is broken). *Bones can be purchased from any butcher. In fact, they usually give them to your for free.

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I see (number of children) skeletons. (I like to pause with dramatic effect). Guess what! You are the skeletons that I see.

Bones and muscles give our body its shape. Did you know that we have more than 200 bones inside our very own body? The whole set of bones in our body is called a skeleton.

(Show students a real bone). Bones are hard on the outside but soft on the inside. Bones protect the inside of our bodies, the skull protects the brain, and the ribcage protects the heart and other organs. Drinking milk makes our bones strong. Can you feel your bones under your skin? Instruct the children to feel their hand, arm, and rib bones.

Show the children a basket of X-Rays. An X-Ray is a picture of the inside of a persons body. Hold up each X-Ray, one at a time, against the white board. Instruct the children to compare the X-Ray to the skeleton model. Where is the bone shown in the X-Ray on your body?

Show the children the basket of real animal bones. Look at this broken bone! Point out that the bone is porous and hollow.

Roll up a sheet of paper about one inch wide into a cylinder, then place a paper plate on top of the hollow “bone”. Ask a child to add bear counters to the plate one at a time as they are counted. Let's count how many bears the plate can hold before it collapses the “bone”.

Roll up another sheet of paper as tightly as you can so that there is no hollow section. Stand up this “bone” on the table before placing the same plate on top. Add bear counters to the plate until the “bone” collapses. Ask the children Which bone was able to hold more weight? The hollow center gave the bone a better design and made it stronger. The large bones in our body are also hollow, which makes them strong so they can support more weight, but also light and easy to move.

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Follow Up With Skeleton-Themed Academic Learning

After this lesson, I follow up throughout the week with many great activities that are science, literacy, math, music, and writing based. (See the unit description below for activity specifics).


Also, my skeleton unit wouldn't be the same without a few great videos.


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Enjoy this free original song. Kids LOVE it!

Enjoy this free original song. Kids LOVE it!

Also available at TPT

Activities include:

Literacy Activities:

Bones is His Name: Metacognition

Six Swinging Skeletons: Naming and Generating Beginning Sounds

Skeleton Town: Uppercase Alphabetical Order

Skeleton Dance: Matching Letters

Black & White Party: Opposites

Skeleton March: Graphophonemic knowledge

Math Activities:

Skeleton Match-Up: Matching Quantity With Numbers

The Bone Yard: Counting Backwards

Skeleton Squeeze: Greater & Less Than

Collecting Bones: Counting & Cardinality

Skeleton Family: Writing Numbers

Songs

The Skeleton March

The Ghost of John

Art Projects

Skeleton Construct

Science

Q-Tip Skeletons: Following directions to make a skeleton.

The Human Skeleton: Magnet Skeletons

Guided Reading Books

Skeleton

The Skeleton

Writing Prompts

What I Know About Skeletons

Skeleton Word Wall Words

Label-It Skeleton